Growing Spathoglottis Orchids
Spathoglottis is a genus of about 40 orchids with a wide natural distribution; They occur throughout the Pacific, in India, and in many other diverse places around the world.
Sometimes known colloquially as "garden orchids," many Spathoglottis make excellent home garden plants and are an easy introduction to the world of orchid growing for beginners.
They are known for their large, showy flowers and come in a wide variety of colors and sizes. They are tropical orchids and do not survive frost; they thrive in a warm and humid environment.
All Spathoglottis plants are terrestrial, which means that they are an ideal orchid for tropical gardens. Many species of Spathoglottis can also be easily grown in pots. Its flowers range from purple to white to yellow, with a lot of variety.
Consider growing Spathoglottis if you are growing a tropical landscape garden or want a seasonal flowering plant in a cooler climate.
With lots of sun and humidity, most of these orchids can provide a colorful and attractive display without being too difficult for novice gardeners.
- Light: full sun to light shade; many grow well in shady conditions. They should receive direct sunlight for at least part of the day.
Water - should be kept moist, especially during the growing season when they need more water. However, be sure not to overwater to avoid root rot.
- Temperature: tropical temperatures and around a low of 60 degrees at night. They should generally be kept in the 75 to 90 F range. They do not live in frost and should be kept out of freezing temperatures.
- Soil: They like some organic material; a garden clay with a little peat added should work just fine. Make sure your drainage is good too.
- Fertilizer: These orchids are vigorous and need regular fertilization; Constant liquid nitrogen fertilization works well, and many gardeners use slow-release fertilizers as well. The specific fertilization requirements of your orchid depend on the species, light, humidity, and temperature; check your own factory requirements.
It is generally spread by cluster division. Separate the plants from the group and replant them in organically rich soil, in a pot, or in the ground. Make sure you leave enough room for the new plants for their roots to fully develop. They require especially high nutrient levels in the period after initial propagation.
If you are growing terrestrial spatoglottis, transplanting is not necessary, but potted plants should be replanted in a rich organic potting mix as soon as the soil is depleted. Its root systems are quite extensive for their size. Make sure not to damage them.
Although the approximately 40 species of Spathoglottis are tropical terrestrial orchids, there is some diversity in color and shape.
One of the most popular varieties is S. plicata, or "ground orchid," which often grows on roadsides in tropical areas and displays bright purple or white flowers. S. pubescens grows yellow in color and is native to India and Southeast Asia, although it is commonly cultivated elsewhere as well.
Many are used in tropical gardens as land plants, particularly plicata, dark purple grapette, and attractive spiky S. cabaret; many of these plants are available in tropical nurseries.
Tips for growers
With plenty of fertilizer and nutrition, light and warmth, Spathoglottis orchids usually reward you with bright blooms six to seven months after initial planting.
Keep them out of frost and plant them in a well-drained peat-based organic soil mix. During the spring growing season, they will need to be watered more abundantly. Be sure to remove dead foliage to make room for the plant to grow as well.
Spatoglottis are good orchids for beginners because of their ease; New gardeners looking for introductory orchids would do well to start here.
We hope you like this video about Spathoglottis Orchids
Source: Am Thai Orchids
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