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How to Grow and Care for Cherokee Roses

How to Grow and Care for Cherokee Roses

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Cherokee Roses: Care and Growing Guide

Naturalizing and rambling across the southeastern United States, the Cherokee Rose (Rosa laevigata) is actually native to Asia. In the United States, it began to develop along the route that the Cherokee Indians were forced to travel in the Oklahoma Territory during the 1838 Trail of Tears.

The white flowers, fragrant as cloves, have a special symbolism for the Cherokee people. The meaning comes from a long-standing legend, which tells the story of Cherokee women's tears to shed by their comrades killed in battle.

As the chief prayed for pain relief, from that day on, each of his tears created a flower. The tradition also applies to the tears shed by the Cherokee people when they were forced to walk from Georgia to Oklahoma, which spread the Rose Cherokee in that geographic area.

Continuing to honor this evergreen shrub, Georgia, called the Cherokee, raised its state flower in 1916. Each spring, the Cherokee rose bears white flowers with golden-yellow stamens.

The golden center of this five-petal flower symbolizes the gold that was taken from Native Americans. In June (or earlier, depending on the location), the flowers glow in the sun against the dark, glossy, long-lasting semi-green leaves. Hardiest in USDA zones 7 through 9, it has been reported to survive zones 4 and up to 10.

Trifoliate leaves have serrated margins. The reeds expand and form an arc with thorny stems. This climbing rose is vigorous propagating, growing rapidly in the wild from 20 to 60 feet tall, and is typically pruned between 6 and 15 feet tall.

Roses are two to four inches in diameter and bloom only once a year. They are followed by large, edible, pear-shaped bristles, orange-red in color (purple in some varieties).

Botanical Names Rosa laevigata, Rosa  sinica
Common NamesCherokee Rose, Cherokee Roses, Cherokee Rose Musquée, Chinese Rosehip, Fructus Rosae Laevigatae, Jin Yin Zi, Jinyingzi, Rosa Mosqueta Cherokee, Rosier des Cherokees
Plant TypePerennial climbing rose shrub
Mature Size 20 to 60 ft. tall (wild), 6 to 15 ft. tall (pruned); 3 to 15 ft. wide
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Moderately acidic to slightly alkaline (5.6-7.8)
Bloom Time Early to late spring or early summer
Flower Color White flowers with golden yellow stamens
Hardiness Zones 7-9, USDA
Native Area Asia (Central and Southern China to Taiwan, Laos and Vietnam)
Toxicity Medicinal; hairs are mildly toxic

Cherokee Roses Care

Welcome to this perennial climbing plant on a side ledge or in a cottage garden. It grows like a hedge on a trellis or fence. Position the plant so that it is spread out on a wall, away from high traffic areas, where bystanders can get caught in the thorns.

Producing abundant cut flowers, Cherokee roses grow in rocky locations at low elevations, open fields, and agricultural fields.

Pair it with complementary plants like garlic, parsley, mignonette, and lupine. Avoid planting with boxwood.

Light

Consider planting on a sheltered, sunny, south-facing wall. Although they tolerate partial shade, Cherokee rose flowers thrive and are resistant to disease in full sun.

Soil

It grows in fertile, humid, but well-drained soils rich in humus. If the soil is heavy clay, it will probably be there too.

Provides a circumferential terrain for best results.

Mulch

Spread mulch two to four inches deep around the plant in the spring, before weeds sprout. Lay mulch in a circle in front of the drip line (the drip line is the tip of the longest horizontal branches).

Be sure to keep the mulch five inches from the main trunk. Add more mulch throughout the year as needed to preserve depth and shape. Replace mulch in late winter to conserve moisture, keep roots cool, minimize weeds, and promote flowering.

Water

Lots of water and regularly, preferably in the morning. In low-rain months, irrigation is particularly important. The leaves will turn yellow and wilt if they need more water.

Place a dip tube in a two-inch circle around the plant inside the mulch ring. Lower the tube. Water the mulch well with about 2.5 cm of water, which should moisten the soil to a depth of 30 cm.

This deep watering can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 10 hours, depending on the type of soil. Wait for the water to start flowing over the edges of the mulch. At this point, close the pipe, as the ground will no longer be able to absorb water.

Fertilizer

Fertilize Cherokee roses with a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10, three times a year: late winter; when there are signs of new growth in early spring; and again they took the jewels.

The fertilizer is likely to come in the form of granules. Spread them over the mulch ring, following the directions on the package. Do not drop fertilizer in the trunk. Use a garden hose to water the fertilizer well until the granules dissolve.

Are Cherokee Roses Toxic?

According to Web MD, Cherokee roses are medicinal. Perhaps due to their high vitamin C content (1.5%), they can be used to treat "persistent cough, hypertension, swelling (inflammation) of the intestines".

PickUpFlowers.com now classifies Cherokee Rose as "antibacterial, cholesterol, astringent, carminative, purifying, and [e] diuretic."

Symptoms of poisoning

Around the seeds and just below the pulp of the fruit is a layer of hair. If ingested, these hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract.

Cherokee Rose Varieties

Cherokee Rose hybridizes freely with other members of the Rosa genus. Hybrid Laevigata, Shrub Rose 'Ramona' is a dark pink/medium red cultivar. Rosa 'Anenome' blooms in pale pink.

Pruning

Prune the Cherokee rose bush as needed to maintain the desired height. Once the flowers have finished blooming and your hips are dry, begin pruning.

Wear leather gardening gloves to protect your hands from sharp thorns. Hold each branch and prune with long pliers. Use the pruning shears to cut the branch with your other hand. Cut the sides first to fit the lattice or fence, then cut the top horizontally.

Propagating Cherokee Roses

The plant can be propagated by semi-mature cuttings in late summer or by cuttings that fall in the fall.

Common Pests and Diseases

Deer-resistant Cherokee Rose is easy to grow and popular with butterflies and bees. This species is rarely susceptible to pests and diseases that can attack other hybrid roses more regularly.

Still, keep an eye out for pests like aphids (especially aphids), leafhoppers, red greenhouse mites, mealybugs, caterpillars, saw a rose, saw rose, and bees.

Diseases that can occur are pink black spot, pink rust, pink powdery mildew, rose death, replanting disease, cancer, and honey fungus. Remove and destroy all diseased leaves. Plant garlic nearby to ward off these problems and let this wandering rose bloom and thrive.

Enjoy This Video Tutorial About Planting Flowers

Source: Green Shop

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