How to Grow Arrowhead Vine Indoors
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Arrowhead Vine: Indoor Plant Care & Growing Guide
The arrowhead vine is a creeper or creeper that tends to grow rapidly under the right conditions. Native to a large area of South America, it has become a popular houseplant, thanks to its laid-back nature and attractive shape.
The leaf structure of the arrowhead vine changes as it matures, changing from a simple arrow shape to a deeply lobed or divided mature leaf.
Its leaves can vary in tone according to age, from dark green and white to lemon green and hot pink. The Arrowhead vine is only viable outdoors in USDA plant strength zones 10 through 12, so in most places in the United States, it is grown year-round as a houseplant.
The vine works best when left relatively alone, making it a great choice for novice gardeners or those who simply forget to tend the garden frequently.
|Botanical Name||Syngonium podophyllum|
|Common Name||Arrowhead vine|
|Mature Size||3–6 ft. tall, 1–2 ft. wide|
|Sun Exposure||Partial shade|
|Soil Type||Moist but well-drained|
|Soil pH||Neutral to acidic|
|Bloom Time||Summer (rarely flowers)|
|Hardiness Zones||10–12 (USDA)|
|Native Area||South America, Mexico|
|Toxicity||Toxic to dogs and cats|
Arrowhead Vine Care
The arrowhead vine is a relatively easy houseplant to care for - it will thrive in the same conditions as its very popular relative, the philodendron.
Arrowhead vines are creepers by nature and will eventually grow from the shade of the sun to the treetops, with the leaves maturing and increasing in size as the plants gain height.
As a houseplant, they are generally used as vines once mature and can be placed on moss or pole to increase visual interest. Alternatively, you can choose new growth to keep the young plant's stems upright.
Tropical in nature, arrowhead vines are perfect for a balcony or greenhouse where heat, light, and humidity enhance their growth. Give your arrowhead vine the right growing conditions and you'll end up with a lush, healthy plant.
The arrowhead vine likes bright light, but not direct sunlight. Diffused light is best, as strong rays can burn or bleach delicate leaves and vines.
The variegated colors can withstand a bit more direct sunlight, while the deeper green varieties are better suited for partial shade.
Plant the arrowhead of the vine in traditional soil-based potting soil. Arrowhead vines are prone to root rot, so make sure the potting mix you choose is well-drained.
Also, consider planting your vine in clay or terra cotta container to remove excess moisture from the soil.
Water the vines regularly at the arrowheads in spring and summer and reduce the watering rate in winter.
In spring and summer, you should allow the vines to partially dry out between waterings, but never completely. Also, the plant should not be kept too wet.
Temperature and Humidity
True to its tropical nature, the arrowhead vine prefers warm, humid conditions. If possible, keep temperatures above 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
Although the plant can tolerate medium humidity, it will thrive better with the additional humidity in the air.
Consider keeping your plant somewhere in the house with naturally higher humidity (such as a kitchen or bathroom), or use a method to increase the humidity, such as a portable machine, or put it in a bed of stones. Wet river under the pan.
Feed your arrowhead vine once a month with liquid fertilizer during the spring, summer, and fall.
You can stop eating during winter when the plant naturally slows down its growth.
Is Arrowhead Vine Toxic?
Unfortunately for animal lovers, all parts of the arrowhead vine are poisonous to most pets, including cats and dogs, even slightly.
If you choose to take the vine home, keep it in a place where curious animals cannot access it.
If you notice that your pet has any of the following symptoms, contact an emergency veterinary service immediately.
Symptoms of Poisoning
- Oral pain
- Mouth sores or irritation
- Pawing at the mouth
- Decreased appetite
Propagating Arrowhead Vine
Arrowhead vines take root easily from cuttings and can be easily propagated in the spring or summer.
If your plant has aerial roots along the stem, take a section of the stem with the roots attached to increase your chances of success.
To propagate the vine with an arrowhead, place your stake in a glass of water; In a few weeks, you will notice that new roots have started to form.
Wait at least a month for the roots to strengthen, replenishing the water periodically. At this point, you can plant the cutting in the ground as you normally would.
Repotting Arrowhead Vine
These plants are aggressive, fast-growing vines, so the frequency of replanting depends on how high you want the vine to reach.
Transplant annually for a larger vine. If not, update the potting soil each spring and transplant every two years to ensure the plant is not attached to the roots.
Common Pests and Diseases
The Arrowhead vine is relatively resistant to pests on its own. However, living indoors among other plants can expose you to pests such as spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, and mealybugs.
If you notice any of these conditions, immediately treat your plant with neem oil or another natural solution.
Enjoy This Video Tutorial About Arrowhead Plant Care Tips & Tricks!
Source: Harli G
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