How to Keep Your Ferns Thriving Indoors
Growing most ferns is not difficult, certainly no more difficult than keeping orchids alive. There are just a few basic tips you need to follow to be successful with the most common houseplant ferns available.
Ferns are some of the oldest plants in the world - they have grown for 300 million years and grow in a surprising variety of environments.
As houseplants, they have been cultivated for centuries. Worldwide, the American Fern Society estimates that there are around 12,000 species of ferns, ranging from cold hardy to tropical, and their size ranges from miniature ferns to the monstrous tree ferns of New Zealand and Australia.
Use these guidelines which are common to all types of ferns.
Humidity is essential
None of the popular home ferns can tolerate prolonged dry conditions. Its leaves will quickly turn brown and leaves will begin to drop. Spray your ferns whenever possible, preferably in the morning.
Keep a spray bottle on hand and train your family to use it whenever they pass the fern. Place the pot on a tray with pebbles or clay granules and keep them moist.
This increases the humidity around the plant without keeping the roots soggy. Another option is to leave the ferns in the bathroom, which will usually be the wettest room in your house.
Never let your ferns dry out
Most ferns are adapted to the clayey understory of rainforests and rain forests.
Even epiphytic ferns (aerial plants that have no roots), such as staghorn, tend to thrive on the clayey litter that accumulates at the tips of tree branches. So make sure your ferns are well hydrated.
Touch the ground and water the fern if you feel the top is dry. A word of caution though: unless it's a boggy fern, don't let your fern stay in the water. Keep it moist, not soggy.
Provides lots of light
Contrary to popular opinion, ferns are generally not deep shade plants. They are adapted to sunlight from the forest floor. So make sure your fern is bright enough and in enough filtered light to thrive.
Otherwise, they will get yellow leaves. However, few ferns can withstand the midday sun and will quickly start to turn brown. A room with windows facing north or east is a good option.
If your ferns are in a windowless room, provide light from a garden lamp or fluorescent strip.
Feed your ferns
As forest floor plants, wild ferns thrive on a constant supply of gently decomposing organic matter. At home, this means giving them a steady supply of weak fertilizer throughout the growing season.
A weak liquid fertilizer or slow-release pellet fertilizer is perfect. You can add a few drops to the water you use to spray the fern.
In addition to these basic principles, each genus of ferns has more specialized requirements. Make sure you know what you are growing and provide the correct items.
You will be rewarded with an indoor garden of incomparable exuberance and delicate beauty.
We hope you enjoy this video about Indoor Ferns:
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