Build a Bluebird House
Attract these beautiful birds to your backyard with this well-designed home.
Bluebird populations declined during the first half of the last century as habitat loss and the introduction of "pest" bird species swept away many of the bluebird's natural nesting sites.
Now, however, bluebirds are making a spectacular comeback, thanks to thousands of dedicated people who have installed bluebird nest boxes.
See how to build a blue birdhouse for your backyard!
Nesting boxes and locations
Bluebirds hunt on the ground for food, so they prefer grasses, meadows, and other areas with cut grass interspersed with a few scattered trees. In populated areas, they nest on golf courses, cemeteries, roads and easements, parks, and pastures. Occupied urban areas, heavily forested areas, and heavily cultivated areas (where there is a lack of natural habitat) are some of its least favored nesting sites. Also, see how to build this bird feeder gazebo!
Here, you will see how to build a tried and true nest box design, the Peterson Blue Bird Box. It has a precisely sized opening for bluebirds, which helps exclude unwanted European starlings, as well as being easy to clean. As you will see in the design instructions, pulling the nail from one side allows the front of the house to tilt open for inspection and cleaning.
This house can be made for three species of bluebirds, eastern, western, and mountain, although the dimensions we give are for the eastern and western species. Mountain birds need a larger entry hole (1-1 / 2 in. X 2-1 / 4 in.).
We hope you enjoy watching this video about How to Build A Bluebird House
Source: Kein Deininger
Materials needed to build a Bluebird house
You can use a variety of woods and plywood to build a blue birdhouse, as long as they are weather-resistant and not pressure-treated. Pine or cedar planks, external plywood, and even paneling for houses can be used. You can stain or paint the outside of bluebird boxes a light color (gray or brownish-gray), but always leave the inside and the edges of the sprue hole unfinished.
Materials for your home will cost between $ 5 and $ 10. Experienced carpenters can build one in an hour or two, and even beginners should be able to build one in an afternoon.
1. Cut and drill holes in the sides
Cut the two side pieces out of plywood or boards. Drill the ventilation holes, pivot, and locking nail holes in one piece. Drill a pivot hole yourself in the other piece.
2. Cut off the rest of the outside
Cut parts A, B, and C to about 2 × 4 lengths. If you are mounting the house on a metal T-post, part A can be 19 inches long. Otherwise, make 30 inches. Next, cut the angle at one end of pieces A, B, and C with your circular saw or jigsaw at 27 degrees. Finally, cut the 45-degree end at part B. Since this part is short, secure it for safety.
3. Measure and cut the door to Bluebird's house
The next step in building a bluebird house is to cut the 1 × 4 D part so the end is at 45 degrees and then reconfigure the saw to cut the piece to the final length. Cut the intake hole by making two overlapping holes with a 1-3 / 8-inch shovel. (1-1 / 2 in. For blue mountain birds) and then use a file to level the edges. You can also use a puzzle to cut out the opening; just make sure it's the exact size shown. Cut narrow saw notches inside the front panel, just below the entry hole to give the bluebirds extra support when they come out of the box.
4. Cut and mount the ceiling
Cut the ceiling (F) to the correct size. You can square the ends or cut them 63 degrees (with your circular saw set at 27 degrees) as we did.
5. Nail the house together
Assemble the house. Nail parts C and B to part A. Make sure C is 10-1 / 2 in. From the end of A. Nail the sides (E) at A, B, and C so that they are aligned with the back edge of A and the top edge of B. Place the buttonhole on its back and place the front (D) so that it is 5/8 in. wide. space between it and the ceiling (F). Hammer into nails for the pivots. Test the front to make sure it opens well, then hit the locking nail. Leave the nail head out so you can easily remove it when it's time to clean the house.
Instalation and maintenance
Bluebird houses should be installed in late fall or early spring. Place them in pairs, 20 to 30 feet apart, with 300 feet between pairs. Putting them in pairs provides a nesting ground for bluebirds and another for swallows and other birds that might compete for one spot (with the bluebird always losing!). The 300-foot pair spacing also gives territorial bluebirds the appropriate amount of space they need between each breeding pair. Keep houses 60 meters from bushes and trees, and if wrenches take over boxes, move them further away from trees and bushes.
Wooden fence posts and metal T-posts are acceptable for the home, but a deflector should be installed if cats, raccoons, and other predators are present. The best way to assemble the houses is at 7 feet. piece of PVC pipe.
In the fall, clean the boxes and leave the fronts open to prevent rats and sparrows from nesting during the winter. In early spring, it's time to close them so they're ready for nesting season.
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