Growing and Caring for Coconut Trees
One of the wonderful things about gardening is that many plants grow outside of their natural environment.
As long as the conditions are right, you can get amazing results growing all kinds of things that may not be native to your region, and coconut trees are one of those plants.
With their iconic shape and famous fruits, these trees are reminiscent of beach vacations, tropical meals, and rest and relaxation.
You can bring this vibe to your garden, and you will get not only a beautiful tree but delicious coconuts as well.
How to plant coconut
Coconuts grow well in USDA growing zones 10 and 11. You can even give them a chance in zone 9, as long as you can provide protection during cold spells. Outside these areas? Try growing indoors.
Coconuts despise the cold and need constant temperatures above 72ºF and plenty of sun. Temperatures between 85ºF and 95ºF are even better.
Aim for a soil pH of 5.0 to 8.0. Areas with a rainfall of at least 30 inches per year up to about 50 inches are perfect. You will have to supply water if you don't have it naturally.
Trees need sandy, clay soil with good drainage.
Germinating the seed
The coconut is the fruit and the seed of the tree, which reproduces and makes another tree grow.
There are a few methods when it comes to planting a coconut, but this is the method used to successfully grow multiple coconut trees. It takes time, but it's definitely worth it.
Although some methods require a coconut that is still in the shell, this method is best done with a coconut without the shell.
Look at the coconuts in the store, which are usually shelled, for an example of what it looks like.
Choose a coconut with plenty of water inside. If it looks crowded, use it. If it seems almost empty, choose another.
- Put the coconut in a bucket and fill it with warm water. Carefully place a brick on the coconut to keep it submerged for about three days. Basically, it softens the coconut to help it germinate.
- Find a large plastic bag to seal. Put 1 cup of water and place the coconut inside. Place this in a dark, warm place indoors.
- Check germination once a week. Once the roots emerge, wrap them in a paper towel and put them back in the bag.
- Since the roots are about six inches long and the bud is as long as your index finger, it has sprouted long enough to plant.
If you're not ready to plant it, gently wrap the roots in clean towels and put the walnut back in the bag until you're done. Watch for it to continue
The other method is to take coconut in its shell and let it soak for three days, as described above. Plant in prepared soil with the pointed end down and two-thirds of the walnut exposed.
Plant the tree
You can also buy started trees. They usually have the sprouted coconut with a trunk about a foot and a half tall.
To plant, dig a small hole in the well-drained soil. Place the coconut, leaving two-thirds above the ground. Fill around the seed with soil and well water. Be careful not to damage the roots and give them space in the hole.
If you want to avoid the long wait, you can always buy a tree because there are some nurseries where you can get them. However, it is fun to grow a tree from a coconut.
Caring of the coconut tree
Look for a fertilizer with good amounts of manganese, magnesium, and boron, in addition to phosphorous and nitrogen.
Fertilize every two months and in the spring after the first year. Before that, the tree will get nutrients from the seed. Keep the soil moist at all times.
The goal is to create a humid environment, as in your tropical lands. Water deeply each week, unless the weather is particularly hot and you need more watering.
With leaves up to 5 meters long, coconut trees may need to be pruned or pruned several times a year. dead. This is relatively easy when the tree is small.
Once it is tall, you may need an arborist to do this, as some of these trees grow up to 100 feet tall.
If you want the coconut milk to be harvested in about 7 months after fruiting. If you want to eat the meat, add another six months.
Just wait for the coconut to fall off the tree if you want to eat the pulp. Just make sure that as the tree grows, everyone knows that they are going to fall with a thud, so be careful.
Alternatively, you can climb the log and retrieve the fruits with a machete.
We hope you enjoy this video about growing coconut trees:
Source: WILDLIFE KH
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