How to Grow and Care for Gazania (Treasure Flower)


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Gazania (Treasure Flower) Plant Profile

The Gazania flower, named after the 15th-century Greek-Italian scholar Theodore of Gaza, is a perennial plant native to South Africa with a warm climate that is typically grown annually. It is an easy maintenance flower, ideal for lighting difficult-to-design spaces. The 'look at me' spectrum of colors available in Gazania may not match the look of a Victorian country house garden, but butterflies flock to these fertile summer blooms.

Gazania flowers belong to the daisy family Asteraceae, of the genus Gazania. Gazanias, also known as the treasure flower, is recovering from mild frosts. When grown in zones 9 to 11, they can act as perennials.

Botanical NameGazania rigens
Common NamesTreasure flower, African daisy
Plant TypeWarm-weather perennial, usually grown as an annual
Mature Size6 to 10 inches tall and 10 inches wide
Sun ExposureFull sun
Soil TypeSandy, dry, well-draining soil
Soil pHNeutral (near 7.0 pH) but will tolerate acidic and alkaline soil
Bloom TimeLate spring and early summer
Flower ColorRed, orange, yellow, white, pink, variegated
Hardiness Zones9 to 10; grown as an annual elsewhere
Native AreaSouth Africa

How to Grow Gazanias

Gazania flowers are ideal for any gardener looking for an effective flower that does not require a lot of maintenance. Gazania plants don't mind the heat of the soil, so you can include them in your sidewalk or sidewalk garden.

Gazania is easy to grow - this ornamental plant is considered a weed in parts of Southern California and Australia. Plant the Gazania seedlings about 12 inches apart so that they can reach 10 inches long without mold forming. Headless Gazania flowers to extend the flowering period of plants.

Gazanias are practically unproblematic, although very wet soil can cause root and stem rot. Leaf spots and powdery mildew can be a problem in humid environments, and mealybugs sometimes attack plants.



Gazania flowers thrive in full sun. Morning or afternoon shade can cause the flowers to close for part of the day and make the plants slender, exceeding their normal height by 6 to 10 inches.


Gazanias are best suited to sandy, well-drained soils, but can tolerate many soil types and conditions.


The leathery foliage of Gazania plants is an indication of the flower's high tolerance to drought. Let the soil dry out between waterings. Excessive hydration can lead to root rot and promote fungal diseases.
Temperature and humidity
Gazanias like warm, dry conditions and are well suited to similarly adapted flowers such as periwinkle, cosmos, verbena, or amaranth.


In their natural habitat on the rocky cliffs of South Africa, Gazanias grow in soils of low fertility. No need for compost or additional fertilizers.

Potting and Repotting

Gazania plants are adaptable enough to hibernate indoors, so there is no need to buy new plants or seeds for the next growing season. You can dig up the plant in late fall, while it is still in bloom, and bring the beauty of nature indoors. However, the plant cannot maintain its flower production indoors. Therefore, cut the plant and store it in a cold sunny window. Water when the soil surface is dry. Check plants regularly for pests, such as bed bugs, that can grow in indoor specimens.

Grows in containers

Gazanias grow in containers on your patio or patio, where they attract butterflies for a closer look. If desired, plant the gazanias on the edge of the pot so that your bed will soften the edges of the pot. Their preference for well-drained soils makes them a natural choice for a rock garden, pot, or soil. If your soil is heavy, plant your gazanias in containers with a Lantana planting that has similar growing conditions and complementary colors.

Growing from seed

If you are growing your Gazania flowers from seed, start indoors about 10 weeks before the last frost in your area. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil and keep them moist during the germination and transplant phase. Cure them and place them outside two weeks after the last medium frost.
If you want the seeds to start gently, sow Gazania seeds directly in the garden. Once the risk of frost has passed, spread the seeds in an area with garden soil. Sprinkle a handful of soil to cover the seeds, as darkness will trigger germination.

Propagating Gazanias

Although gazanias are generally grown from commercially available seed or nursery plants, they can be propagated by harvesting cuttings.

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