Kalanchoe: Indoor Plant Care & Growing Guide

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How to Grow Kalanchoe

The Kalanchoe genus includes more than 100 species of plants, of which only a few are grown regularly. Kalanchoe is native to Madagascar and thrives in arid environments, making them popular as succulents. Growers are drawn to Kalanchoe for its easy maintenance and interesting leaves and flowers that bloom evenly throughout the year in response to daylight. It is a slow-growing variety that takes an average of two to five years to reach adult size. Available in beautiful colors like red, pink, yellow, and white, Kalanchoe is easy to find in most supermarkets, nurseries, and florists, especially during the holidays.

Botanial nameKalanchoe blossfeldiana
Common nameKalanchoe, Flaming katy, Widow's thrill,
Panda plant, Christmas kalanchoe
Plant typeSucculent
Mature size12–18 in. tall, 12–18 in. wide
Sun exposureFull sun, partial shade
Soil typeWell-drained
Soil pHAcidic
Bloom timeSpring, summer, fall, winter
Flower colorYellow, red, orange, pink, white
Hardiness zones10, 11, 12 (USDA)
Native areaAfrica
ToxicityToxic to pets


Kalanchoe plant care
If you want to grow a succulent with a little more beauty, you've come to the right place with the Kalanchoe plant. Like most succulents, Kalanchoe is a relatively simple grape that prefers lots of sun and well-drained soil. It is also suitable for a wide range of temperatures but does not bloom during the winter months. However, starting in the spring they are treated with clusters of brightly colored flowers that last for several weeks and can reappear throughout the year, provided the plant receives adequate exposure and is pruned between the flowers, removing the buds and eliminating them. cut properly for some. minimum irrigation weeks.

Kalanchoe plants need a lot of sunlight to flourish. Therefore, they should be kept in a very bright and natural room. However, do not place them on the windowsill or in direct sunlight, as this can burn the leaves and prevent the plant from blooming.

A Kalanchoe plant grows best in well-drained soil. Choose or create a mix that doesn't retain a lot of moisture, for example. B. a mixture of 50% soil and 50% cactus or a mixture of 60% peat and 40% perlite. To ensure good drainage and avoid an excessively humid environment, you can also plant your kalanchoe in a terracotta pot to drain excess water from the soil.


If you have a habit of forgetting to water your plants from time to time, a kalanchoe may be the perfect choice for you. The hearty plant grows well with minimal water and only needs full saturation every two weeks (and less often in winter). Let the kalanchoe soil dry completely between waterings (this will help prevent root rot) and water until saturated. If you are not sure if the soil is dry enough (and therefore irrigable), put your finger in the first few inches. If it feels damp, try again in a few days. Since the kalanchoe is succulent, its leaves can retain water. Even if you water a few days later, the plant will be fine.

Temperature and humidity
The environment is important to Kalanchoe, although it is not as difficult as other house plants. Typically, your plant will thrive in temperatures between 55 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Other than the fact that the plant does not freeze, there is little you can do to create the right indoor climate. When it comes to humidity, the Kalanchoe plant is not picky and doesn't require a specific level of humidity in the air.

Like most flowering plants, Kalanchoe can benefit from fertilizers. This is especially important during the flowering period. Therefore, give a balanced mix of fertilizers once a month in spring and summer. If you're having trouble helping your plant reach its flowering potential, look for a fertilizer mix that contains potassium so it can produce extra buds the next time it blooms.

Is Kalanchoe toxic?
Unfortunately, Kalanchoe is considered very toxic to animals, including cats, dogs, and livestock. The leaves and flowers of the plant contain a chemical compound called bufadienolide.

Symptoms of intoxication.
Ingestion of the Kalanchoe plant by an animal can cause severe symptoms of poisoning, such as vomiting, diarrhea, and irregular heartbeats. Keep your Kalanchoe plant out of the reach of pets and contact your veterinarian or poison control center immediately if it is ingested.


Kalanchoe Varieties
K. blossfeldiana: The most popular Kalanchoe, blossfeldiana features large flower heads and is available in a variety of colors. They naturally bloom in the spring, though they can be forced into flowering throughout the year.
K. manginii: This varietal features fleshy leaves and bears large, bell-like pendant flowers. Moist air is an essential component of its prolonged flowering.
K. porphyrocalyx: Also known as Pearl Bells, this varietal consists of slender, rectangular leaves and bears purple pendant flowers.
K. beharensis: This Kalanchoe is prized for its large, velvety leaves, which come in pale silvery green.
K. pinnata: Characterized by fleshy, green leaves, this Kalanchoe variety bears tiny plantlets along its margins.

Propagating Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe is very easy to propagate. To do this, cut a stem segment several inches long from a mature plant. Let it dry for a few days or until it finally appears "cured." So the plant in the ground is made from the same mixture (above) that is used to grow the mother plant. Let stand (without water) and the stem should root within a month.

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