Papyrus: Plant Care & Growing Guide


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How to Grow Papyrus

Papyrus is perhaps best known as the plant used by the ancient Egyptians to create the first paper for their scrolls. But today, this perennial reed is a popular landscape plant, especially for water gardening.

Although sometimes referred to as Nile grass, papyrus is actually a water reed. Some believe that papyrus plants are the iconic "reeds" in which baby Moses was hidden from the Egyptians in Biblical legend.

On the surface, this perennial ornamental herb combines drama, grace, and even humor. Growing in clumps, the papyrus plant spreads on a tall reed stalk up to 2.5 meters high, on top of which is a cluster of umbrella-shaped grass rays.

The plant is undeniably elegant, but with a quirky twist that makes it look like it belongs in a Dr. Seuss book. Papyrus is a spectacular plant that looks good in large, simple containers. It's tall enough to stand alone in a pot, or it can add height and interest to a group of container gardens.

Papyrus is usually planted in the spring from plants grown in nurseries. It grows quickly to its adult height, which makes it ideal for annual planting in areas where it is not resistant.

Botanical NameCyperus papyrus
  Common NamePapyrus, Egyptian papyrus, King Tut's grass
  Plant TypePerennial reed, sedge
  Mature Size5–8 feet tall, 3–4 feet wide
  Sun ExposureFull sun to part shade
  Soil TypeWet boggy soil
  Soil pH6.0 to 8.5 (acidic to alkaline)
  Bloom TimeMid- to late summer
  Flower ColorGreenish-brown (flowers are insignificant)
  Hardiness Zones9–11 (USDA)
  Native AreaAfrica


Papyrus Care

Papyrus grows easily submerged in shallow water, which is usually accomplished by placing pots on pedestals at the bottom of ponds or gardens with large containers of water.

If they are grown as stand-alone pots on a patio, they should always be moist. In cooler areas, the pots can be brought indoors to overwinter on the balcony or greenhouse at the end of the season. Or the plants can be grown as annuals and discarded.

Papyrus is not affected by any really serious pests or diseases, but it can be subject to rotting fungi, which tear off the stems and foliage. Dead leaves and stems should be removed on the fly. They appear, but other than that, there are very few. necessary maintenance with these systems.


Papyrus grows in sunny and semi-shady conditions. If you bring potted plants indoors for the winter, give them a bright spot. Ideally, this will be in a greenhouse or greenhouse, but a sunny patio door or window will suffice as well.


Papyrus is in wet, boggy soil. When planted as a perennial, it is best buried in shallow, water-covered soil along the banks of ponds or swamps. When used as a gardening pot plant in a water pot, it is usually grown in a pot filled with peat-based potting soil, which can then be dipped into a larger pot filled with water.


Papyrus needs constant water and will die if it dries up. If placed in self-contained containers outside of a water garden, it should be grown in a closed pot (without drainage holes) and kept constantly soaking.

Temperature and humidity
Papyrus is a plant native to tropical and subtropical Africa, so it grows best in warm conditions. But if you bring potted plants indoors for the winter, they prefer cooler conditions for this dormant period: 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit.


A single dose of balanced fertilizer in the spring will help plants develop sturdy stems to support high growth.

Papyrus Varieties

If you want the texture and beauty of papyrus, but don't want the size, you can consider a dwarf shape. It is often sold under the very simple title of Cyperus papyrus "dwarf form".

At just 18-24 inches tall, this is a great choice for small water gardens and as a filler or thriller in gardens with mixed water containers. It will also be an easier plant to overwinter indoors.

Potting and Repotting Papyrus

In its common use as a potted plant, it gives papyrus common ground for peat-based pots. The pot may have many drainage holes if it is submerged in a pond or garden with a larger water tank, but if you are growing as a standalone garden plant, put it in a sealed pot without drainage holes. Which will allow you to keep it. still wet.

Papyrus can also be used in combination with other plants as a centerpiece or "thriller". Try pairing it with a shiny ground cover, like Jenny Creeper, and/or a dark sweet potato vine hanging from the edges of a planter.

You can also add a brightly colored coleus to this combination. Just make sure you don't combine it with a plant that doesn't always like moist soil, like succulents or cacti.

Propagating Papyrus

Papyrus is very difficult to grow from seed, but mature plants are easy to dig up or clean, so divide the roots of the rhizome into two or three groups to replant. Spring is the best time to propagate papyrus.

Enjoy This Video Tutorial About How to Have Success With Papyrus

Source: Garden Answer

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