Exploring Caerphilly Castle in Wales
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Today we want to share with you something special:
Explore Caerphilly Castle, Britain's second-largest Castle!
Wales has more castles than any other country in Europe. Exploring this region truly captures the imagination, bringing to life tumultuous times in history, when the battle was fought and kingdoms were defended from impressive fortresses.
In South Wales, a 30-minute drive from Cardiff, is the beloved Caerphilly Castle. It was built by Earl Gilbert de Clare in 1268 in an effort to diminish the power of Llewellyn, the last native Prince of Wales. When it was built, Caerphilly Castle broke the pattern in castle design in England. It occupies 30 acres and was initially surrounded by large lakes that served as a deterrent to invaders. But the lakes weren't the only unique feature that set a precedent in English castle architecture.
Caerphilly has what historians call concentric castle defenses. It does not depend only on lakes and foreign particles, but also on various drawbridges and ordinances. These mechanisms made it possible to protect the castle entrance and capture anyone who tried to enter.
If the soldiers survived crossing the waters and bridges, they must go through the gates, where metal bars can descend and trap them in a hallway. There, they would be vulnerable to arrows thrown through cracks in the walls and heavy stones falling from above.
Unlike previous castles in England, Caerphilly has a courtyard in the middle. In the 13th and 14th centuries, it was here that there was a well for drinking water and also for livestock. The sanitation of the courtyard and the well was essential for the survival of those who lived inside the castle.
In its heyday, Caerphilly Castle was painted white. Telltale signs of its former shade can still be seen seeping through the seams in the stone. I can only imagine what the huge, bright white castle must have looked like to Llewellyn's men coming up the hill to attack.
Once fully built, Caerphilly Castle's defenses were virtually impossible to break. One of the only winning tactics for enemy soldiers would have been to stop the flow of food and supplies into the fortress and wait for those inside to surrender.
The castle was initially attacked even before it was finished. But Earl Gilbert de Clare was persistent and made sure to resume construction once order was restored. Later it was King Edward I who would be inspired by Caerphilly Castle, building a series of fortresses around Wales. He continued to win the power struggle against Llewellyn and ultimately unified Wales and England, once and for all.
Today, the castle is next to the modern town of Caerphilly. The juxtaposition of these two worlds is truly fascinating. Today, the castle is open to the public for sightseeing. From time to time, festivals are held within the castle walls.
And many travelers especially come to see the Leaning Tower of Caerphilly Castle which has been shown to lean even more than the Tower of Pisa.
We hope you enjoy watching this video about The Biggest Castle in Wales, Caerphilly Castle
Source: Mostly Castles
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