How to Grow and Care for Baby Toes Succulents

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Baby Toes Succulents: Care & Growing Guide

These adorable low-maintenance succulents thrive on neglect.

These adorable succulents really live up to their nickname - Baby Foot Succulents (Fenestraria rhopalophylla) are tiny tufted-forming succulents native to Africa.

They are classified as window-leaved succulents because the tops of the leaves are transparent due to a lack of green pigment, which allows light to pass through the thick, fleshy leaves. In addition to their attractive nature, these succulents produce delicate white or yellow flowers in the spring and fall months.

Botanical NameFenestraria rhopalophylla
Common NameBaby toes succulents, window plant
Plant TypeSucculent
Mature Size3 in. tall
Sun ExposureFull
Soil TypeSandy, well-drained
Soil pHAcidic
Bloom TimeSpring, fall
Flower ColorYellow, white
Hardiness Zones10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
Native AreaAfrica
ToxicityToxic to pets

Baby Toes Succulent Care

Baby foot succulents require typical succulent care: full sun and frequent watering. As long as you can provide those succulents that like to warm enough sunlight, they need little maintenance.

The active growth period for baby feet succulents is fall, winter, and spring, while they are dormant in the summer months.


Baby foot succulents require full sun when grown indoors and outdoors. Ideally, they should receive at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight every day to encourage healthy growth and prevent leg formation.

If you are growing succulents on your baby's toes indoors, you may need to provide a grow light to make sure they get enough light during the day.


These succulents are susceptible to excess water and should be planted in a well-drained, sandy soil mix to help control moisture around the roots of the plant. A soil mix of cacti or succulents is ideal and can be found in most nurseries and garden centers.

You can also make some succulent potting soil at home by mixing one part of normal potting soil, part perlite, and part sand.


Baby foot succulents are drought tolerant and do not require frequent watering. The wet and dry irrigation method is ideal for these succulents.

Let the soil dry completely between waterings, then water deeply until the water drains through the drainage holes in the pot. Baby toe succulents are dormant in the summer, so they should be watered sparingly during this time to avoid root rot.

Temperature and Humidity

These desert succulents are hardy in USDA zones 10a through 11b. They enjoy hot and dry climates and do not tolerate frost. If you are growing these succulents outdoors in a climate with cold winters, it is best to grow them in containers so they can be moved indoors for the winter.


Be careful not to overfertilize the succulents on your baby's toes, as they are sensitive to fertilizer burning. These succulents can tolerate poor soils and do not require regular fertilization.

However, if desired, they can be fertilized early in the growing season with a balanced, low-resistance fertilizer to encourage strong growth. Avoid fertilizing baby toe succulents during the dormant period.

Are Baby Toes Succulents Toxic?

There is conflicting information on the toxicity of baby foot succulents. In the absence of a confirmed non-toxic label, it is best to be careful of succulents on a baby's feet around children and pets.

Propagating Baby Toes Succulents

These succulents create puppies of haworthia and aloe veras and can be easily propagated by division. Baby toe succulents can also be grown from seed, however, the seed is extremely difficult to find from a trusted seller, making it easier to propagate from an established plant.

It's best to divide the succulents from your baby's toes as you reuse them, as you will need to divide the roots as well. Once the roots of the plant are exposed, gently separate the branches of the mother plant, moving the roots away from the root. Offsets should have their own set of established roots, allowing you to immediately plant them into the ground.

Potting and Repotting Baby Toes Succulents

Toe succulents grow slowly and do not require regular replanting. Repeat only when the succulent passes through the previous container.

When choosing a new pot, remember that the pot must have adequate drainage to prevent the roots from rotting. Also, keep in mind that baby foot succulents have shallow root systems and do not require deep vessels.

When replanting a baby with succulent fingers, be careful not to break any of the delicate roots or accidentally separate the succulents from each other. Gently loosen compacted soil around the roots and provide succulent potting soil for cool. Thoroughly soak the toes of the newly transplanted baby.

Common Pests and Diseases

As with most succulents, baby succulents are not affected by many pests or diseases. However, common pests like mealy bugs, mealybugs, or aphids can be a problem for these fleshy-leaved succulents.

Toe succulents are also sensitive to root rot, so make sure the soil is well-drained and the pot has adequate drainage to prevent the roots from filling.

Enjoy This Video Tutorial About Fenestraria rhopalophylla (Baby Toes Plant) Houseplant Care

Source: Summer Rayne Oakes

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