How To Harvest Mushroom Spores
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Today we want to share with you a special post:
Spore Collection Techniques
The following information on how to collect mushroom spores makes us very excited!
In the reproductive organs of fungi, the purpose of fungi in life is to produce spores or seeds. Each type of mushroom has a different type of spores and releases them in unique patterns depending on the shape of the bottom of the mushroom cap.
Branchial mushrooms are the easiest to collect, but with a little experimentation, all types can be collected. Intrigued? So how do you collect fungal spores? The most common method of collecting fungal spores is to make a spore print. What is a spore print, you ask? Making a spore impression is a method used by true mycologists to identify a fungus.
They use the characteristic color, shape, texture, and pattern of the released spores to identify the fungus. A spore print makes this possible without the need for a high-powered microscope. Non-scientists can also use spore printing to grow some succulent mushrooms suitable for inclusion in a pizza or whatever. A spore syringe is another method of collecting spores, but we'll get back to that in a minute.
How to Harvest Mushroom Spores
To collect mushroom spores by making a spore print, you need edible mushrooms; Any variety will do, but as mentioned, the gill types are easier and more readily available at local grocery stores. Make sure it is a mature specimen, with easily visible gills.
Also, you will need a piece of white paper, a piece of black paper, and a glass container that can be inverted over the mushroom. (The purpose of the two-color paper is that sometimes the spores are light and sometimes dark. Using both will allow you to see the spores regardless of their hue).
Place the two colors of paper side by side. Remove the stem of the mushroom of your choice and flip it over, laying the spore side of the cap down on the two sheets of paper, one-half blank and half black. Cover the mushroom with a glass container to prevent it from drying out. Leave the fungus covered overnight and the next day the spores will have fallen from the cover onto the paper.
If you want to do this as a school science project or just save it for posterity, you can spray it on with a fixative or hairspray. The design can also be done on a glass plate for a cool spore print suitable for hanging. Otherwise, if, like me, you are eager to grow your own mushrooms, carefully spread the spores over a prepared container of soil with decaying manure or compost.
The period of emergence varies depending on the type of fungus and environmental conditions. Remember that mushrooms like humid and warm conditions with a day/night cycle. Oh, and back to the spore syringe.
What is a spore syringe? A spore syringe is used to drop spores and mixed water onto slides for viewing through a research microscope or to inoculate sterile substrates with a specific fungal spore. These syringes are sterile and are generally purchased online from a vendor.
However, for the most part, and for the purposes of a low-cost home gardening project, making a spore print is unbeatable. In fact, you should try.
Enjoy This Video Tutorial About How to Make Mushroom Spore Prints
Source: Pepper and Pine
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