How to Grow Soybeans In Your Garden
Soybeans are annual crops that grow and produce their harvest and then die off at the end of the growing season. Soybean plants are relatively easy to grow and are similar to known varieties of wild beans and are planted in the same way.
This ancient harvest from the Orient is beginning to become an established staple in the Western world. Although it is not the most commonly grown crop in home gardens, many people are beginning to grow soybeans in the fields and are reaping the health benefits these crops provide.
They are complete proteins rich in nutrients that provide calcium, vitamins A and B and it is the only vegetable that consists of nine amino acids.
Soybeans plant information
Soybean plants have been harvested for more than 5,000 years, but only in the last 250 years have Westerners realized their enormous nutritional benefits. Wild soybean plants can still be found in China and are beginning to find a place in gardens in Asia, Europe, and America.
Soja max, the Latin nomenclature comes from the Chinese word 'sou', which is derived from the word 'soi' or soy.
However, soybean plants are so revered in the East that there are more than 50 names for this extremely important crop.
It has been written about soybean plants since ancient Chinese "Materia Medica" around 2900-2800 BC. But, it does not appear in any European record until 1712 AD. C., after its discovery by a German explorer in Japan during the years 1691 and 1692.
The history of the soybean plant in the United States is debatable, but certainly, in 1804 the plant was introduced in the eastern areas of the United States. United and more fully after a Japanese expedition of 1854 by a Commodore Perry. Still, the popularity of soybeans in the Americas was limited to its use as a crop as early as 1900.
How to grow soybeans
Soybean plants are fairly easy to grow, almost as easy as wild beans, and are planted the same way. Soybean cultivation can occur when the soil temperature is 50 degrees F (10 C) or higher, but more ideally 77 degrees F (25 C).
When growing soybeans, do not rush to plant, as low soil temperatures will prevent the seed from germinating and stagger planting times for a continuous harvest. Maturing soybean plants are quite large, 2 feet tall, so when planting soybeans, keep in mind that this is not a crop to test in a small garden.
Row 2 to 2 feet (61 to 76 cm) apart in the garden, with 5 to 8 cm between plants, when planting soybeans. Sow the seeds 2.5 cm deep and 5 cm apart. Be patient; The germination and maturation periods of soybeans are longer than most other crops.
Soybeans cultivation problems
Do not plant soybeans when the field or garden is excessively humid, as cyst nematode and sudden death syndrome can affect growth potential.
Low soil temperatures prevent germination of the soybean plant or cause root rot pathogens to flourish.
Additionally, planting soybeans too early can also contribute to large populations of bean beetle infestations.
Soybean plants are harvested when the pods (edamame) are still green and immature before the pod turns yellow. When the pod turns yellow, the quality and flavor of the soybeans are compromised.
Manually pick the soybean plant or scoop the entire plant out of the ground and remove the fruits.
We hope you enjoy this video about growing soybeans:
Source: Self Sufficient Me
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