Learn To Identify Poisonous and Edible Mushrooms

There are over 7,77 million types of wild mushrooms in the world. Only a small fraction of them are likely to be found in your weekly store or on your favorite restaurant menu.

Picking your own mushrooms can be an interesting alternative and can add a personal touch to a homemade meal. Fall is a great time to look for the best (and worst) species.

Once you are familiar with the hotspots, you can begin to decide which mushrooms are worth taking home. Be sure to read everything before you commit to whipping up a mushroom stroganoff for a party.

As always, the golden rule remains: if you are unsure about a species, don't take chances, be smart when faced with new discoveries.

The general identification system is a process of elimination. Working by deduction is a safe guide, although it is also always a good idea to cross-reference official guides to be absolutely sure.

Steps to identify a fungus

A detailed look at the different parts of a mushroom is an excellent starting point on the identification journey. Consider the following characteristics when encountering a new species to begin successfully classifying your finds.

Remember: a particular shape or color does not clearly indicate whether a mushroom is edible or poisonous; These are guidelines to consider together and in conjunction with secondary sources.

1. The cover (shape and size)

There are many different shapes and sizes that a bowler hat can create, all of which can give an indication of which family a mushroom might belong to.

In addition to shape, color, texture, and other similar characteristics, they are important keys to identification.

Start by noticing the color (s) of the mushroom. Second, see if the original color changes when the fungus is damaged.

Cutting off the cap can also be an interesting test to see if the inside of the mushroom changes color when exposed to air.

Second, however, any particularly unusual markings and the general "feel" of the fungus can be a useful indicator of the fungus family.

The margin (the edge of the lid) is more of an indicator: does the mushroom have curled or upturned edges? Write this down.

2. Spores

First, it is important to identify whether the spores are produced by gills, pores, or pike; They will be found at the bottom of the mushroom cap.

The gills sometimes stick to the stem and sometimes not; this is an important detail to keep in mind. Color, spacing, thickness, and consistency are other important characteristics to consider.

3. The stem

Again, consider the shape and size. Is it remarkably short? Thick? Slim? In terms of color, consider whether it is consistent with your cover notes.

Then see if there is a ring. How would you describe the ring? And does the consistency change below or above it? As before with the cap, look for any marks on the stem, maybe a few freckles?

Examine the bottom of the rod and check if it is connected to the ground or not, and if the rod appears to have an extension under the ground.

Finally, cutting the stem and checking if the inside is hollow or solid can be a good indicator.

We hope you enjoy watching this video about how can you tell if a mushroom is poisonous:

Source: Mystery Doug

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